When folks first hear about Faraday Cages, they have an initial wave of basic questions…
- What is a Faraday Cage?
- Why should I care?
- How do I get my hands on one?
- What should I put in it?
- Do they work?
You ask the first question because maybe you overheard someone else talking about one.
Perhaps you’re unsure what all the hype is about and want to know, “what is it”?
You ask the second question because once you know “what it is,” you’re still confused about why it matters to you.
But once you fully understand why it matters, the next question is, “how do I get one?” followed by, “what should I keep inside of it?”
So that’s how I wrote this article. To answer all your faraday cage questions and more.
So we cover the following topics in great detail:
What Is A Faraday Cage
4 Reasons Why You Need A Faraday Cage
How To Build A Faraday Cage
What You Should Store In A Faraday Cage
Faraday Cage Myths and Misinformation
**Note: You can skip ahead to any section of this article using the navigation links above.
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What Is A Faraday Cage?
In simple terms, a Faraday Cage is just an electronic isolation chamber. Or even more simply, it’s a special container that prevents electrical signals or waves from passing through it.
A basic way to think of a Faraday Cage is it allows any electrical pulses to go around the container.
They work by enclosing a specific area in a layer of conductive material (usually a metal). This outer conductive layer creates a “protective skin.”
This then blocks electrical signals from passing through the box.
Inside the enclosure, electronics are separated from the outer conductive skin. This is accomplished using a non-conductive insulator such as cardboard, plastic, glass, or wood.
These enclosures can be any size, large or small. So long as there’s a complete layer of skin and any gaps are small once openings (doors, etc.) on the surface are closed.
Faraday Cage Uses
One of the best ways to understand how something works is to share a few examples of them out in the real world. Here are just a few of the uses for Faraday Cages.
Engineering Design and Testing
In the world of engineering, large versions of these faraday isolation chambers are used. They help block any outside interference when designing and testing sophisticated electronic devices.
Scientists can see how certain electrical devices react without other signals in a Faraday cage. It’s used as a controlled vacuum for electrical testing purposes.
These engineering Faraday Cages also help determine if a device emits any unintentional or harmful radiation.
For example, the antenna in your cell phone was likely tested in such a way. This was to ensure energy transmitted during use was safe for humans. To prove no energy was “leaking” at frequencies outside the cell phone spectrum.
But the Faraday cage isn’t just for lab settings and engineering facilities. In fact, you’ve likely used or passed through several of them today.
The mesh screen in the window of your microwave is part of a Faraday cage. It contains the high-energy microwave radiation responsible for reheating your leftovers. And without a Faraday cage, this radiation would leak out, cooking the rest of your kitchen.
In some elevators, cell phone “dead zones” are also unintentional Faraday Cages. The metal elevator doors act as conductive skin, thus blocking cell signals.
And it’s why you should remain in your car if a power line falls because the vehicle’s metal body acts as a Faraday cage.
It directs dangerous electricity around the vehicle, allowing the energy to pass harmlessly into the ground. Isolating and protecting the passengers inside.
How about one more interesting example?
In 2013, the Vatican used a Faraday cage to shield the Sistine Chapel. They wanted to prevent electronic eavesdropping during the selection of the new pope.
So even if someone planted an electronic “bug” into the room, it couldn’t send a signal out to the world.
So as you see, Faraday Cages have some real-world applications.
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4 Reasons Why You Need A Faraday Cage
“I do not know with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones” – Albert Einstien
A survivalist (like yourself) should build a Farraday cage for many reasons.
A well-constructed Faraday cage will give your sensitive electronics a layer of safety. To protect them from damage or even to prevent signals from reaching others.
Here are four great reasons to build and use a Faraday Cage for survival and preparedness:
Reason 1. Prepare For A Massive Solar Flare
A solar flare is an explosion on the surface of the Sun. The occasional massive blasts produce a burst of electromagnetic radiation, including X-rays.
Scientists classify solar flares into three groups according to their X-ray strength.
The strongest are X-class flares. These are significant events and can trigger radio blackouts around the world.
M-class flares are medium-sized. They can cause brief radio blackouts that affect Earth’s polar regions. C-class flares are small with few noticeable consequences here on Earth.
It’s not a matter of IF the earth will experience another strong X-class flare; it’s a matter of WHEN.
A Faraday Cage helps you prepare for the next massive X-class solar flare event. Keeping some of your backup electronic devices safe.
NASA X-Class: A Guide To Solar Flares
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